How to Cite Geoscience Australia Sources of Information


Information from Geoscience Australia must be acknowledged responsibly whenever it is used. Citing, or referencing, is important for:

  • acknowledging the ideas, words or data of others
  • enabling others to find and use the original information.

The following examples illustrate how to cite the most common sources of Geoscience Australia information using the author-date system. More detailed advice can be found in the Style manual for authors, editors and printers (2002) or similar works. This system uses in-text references and a reference list or bibliography at the end of the work giving additional details to help the reader locate sources. Universities, educational institutions, corporations and other users of our information may have their own guidelines for citing resources. This document does not intend to supersede those requirements, rather to act as a suggested guide, indicating elements that should be included when citing our sources.

Material available in different formats may need to be cited differently, however, some elements will remain consistent. For example, using 'Geoscience Australia' as the author/source, the title and date of the item. The abbreviation 'GA' may be used if the full name and abbreviation 'Geoscience Australia (GA)' has been used in the first reference.

When citing several works by Geoscience Australia that have been published in the same year, distinguish them as follows: (GA, 2001a), the second (GA 2001b), and so on. The references would be arranged by title in the reference list or bibliography.

Examples - Physical Sources

Books, Reports and Pamphlets

Wilkinson, R. 1996. Rocks to riches: the story of Australia's national geological survey. Allen & Unwin: St. Leonards, N.S.W.

Henderson, G.A.M. and Strusz, D.L. 1982. Rocks and fossils around Canberra. 2nd ed. AGPS: Canberra.

Barnicoat, A.C. and Korsch, R.J. (eds.) 2004. Predictive Mineral Discovery Cooperative Research Centre - Extended GAtracts from the June 2004 Conference. Record 2004/09. Geoscience Australia: Canberra.

Section of a book

Bastrakov, E.N. and Shvarov, Y.V. 2004. 'The two-phase problem of modelling complex fluids' in Barnicoat, A.C. and Korsch, R.J. (eds.) Predictive Mineral Discovery Cooperative Research Centre - Extended abstracts from the June 2004 Conference. Record 2004/09. Geoscience Australia: Canberra, pp.13-16.

Journal article

Stagg, H.M.J., Wilcox, J.B., Symonds, P.A., O'Brien, G.W., Colwell, J.B., Hill, P.J., Lee, C-s., Moore, A.M.G. and Struckmeyer, H.I.M. 1999. 'Architecture and evolution of the Australian continental margin'. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, 17(5/6): 17-33.

Maps (include format and scale if not in title or series statements)

Minty, B.R.S., Franklin, R., Milligan, P.R., Richardson, L.M. Wilford, J. 2009. Radiometric map of Australia. First edition. Scale 1:5,000,000. Geoscience Australia: Canberra.

Abell, R.S. 1992. Canberra (map). First edition. Australia 1:100,000 geological series, sheet 8727. Bureau of Mineral Resources: Canberra.


Geoscience Australia 2007. Geodata topo 250K. Series 3 for Google Earth, 1:250,000 scale vector map data (DVD). Geoscience Australia: Canberra.

Logan, G.A., Jones, A.T., Ryan, G.J., Wettle, M., Thankappan, M., Groesjean, E., Rollet, N. and Kennard, J.M. 2008. Review of Australian Offshore Natural Hydrocarbon Seepage Studies (CD-ROM). Record 2008/17. Geoscience Australia: Canberra.


Druce, E.C. and Shergold, J.H. 1978. Annotated bibliography of the Georgina Basin, Northern Territory and Queensland (microfiche). Report 211; BMR Microform MF77. Bureau of Mineral Resources: Canberra .

Examples - Electronic Sources

Any web resources cited must include their complete URLs as well as the dates they were viewed since, unlike printed materials, the contents of websites can change over time. It is easiest to cut and paste URLs directly from your browser into a citation.


Geoscience Australia 2009. Carbon capture and storage (webpage). Viewed 9 July 2009.

Journal article (online)

Hudson, D. and Mueller, N. 2009. 'Fighting fire with satellite datasets'. AusGeo News, no.94 (online). Viewed 9 July 2009,

Audiovisual material (online)

Geoscience Australia 2004, The Geoscience Australia building - a journey through construction (movie, Flash format). Viewed 9 July 2009 on


Style manual for authors, editors and printers 2002, 6th ed., rev. by Snooks & Co, John Wiley & Sons, Milton, Qld.

Topic contact: Last updated: May 8, 2013