Energy

Geoscience Australia is involved in the discovery and development of a number of different energy sources both onshore and offshore. A large part of the current program involved the Government's Energy Security Program. Geoscience Australia is specifically involved in areas such as geothermal energy, petroleum based energy, uranium and thorium and other less developed forms of potential energy.

Basics
A secure supply of adequate, clean, reliable energy at an affordable price is vital for Australia’s economic growth and prosperity. Fortunately, Australia is well endowed with an abundance of both fossil and renewable fuels.
Petroleum Resources
Petroleum resources include oil, gas, coal seam gas, oil shale and unconventional resources.
Coal Resources
Coal is a fossil fuel of sedimentary origin that has formed by coalification of vegetation over millions of years. Black coal consists of the higher rank anthracite, bituminous and sub-bituminous coals. The lower rank brown coal is sometimes known as lignite.
Uranium and Thorium Resources
Australia currently is the world’s third largest producer of uranium after Kazakhstan and Canada. Thorium is a naturally occurring slightly radioactive metal, three to five times more abundant than uranium.
Geothermal Energy Resources
Geothermal energy is an emerging industry in Australia, with exploration being conducted in all states and the Northern Territory. While significant resources have been identified, presently there is no commercial production of geothermal energy in Australia, but there is significant potential for geothermal energy in Australia.

Renewable Energy Resources
A brief look at some of the renewable energy resources in Australia including hydro, solar, ocean, wind and bioenergy.

Basin Geology
Province and Sedimentary Basin Geology includes petroleum, coal, uranium, thorium and geothermal geology.

Acreage Release
Encouraging petroleum exploration is a high priority for the Australian Government. The annual release of offshore petroleum exploration acreage is a key part of the Australian Government’s strategy to further petroleum exploration in Australia’s offshore waters.
Australian Energy Resource Assessment
Examines Australia's identified and potential energy resources ranging from fossil fuels and uranium to renewables and reviews the factors likely to influence the use of Australia's energy resources to 2030.
Energy Security Program
The Energy Security Program within Geoscience Australia was split between onshore and offshore activities.
Legislation
A listing of legislation that impacts on discovery and development of various forms of energy in Australia, both onshore and offshore.
Related Organisations
A listing of government departments and other organisations that have some input into the area of energy.
Disciplines and Techniques
Disciplines and Techniques within the area of energy include biostratigraphy, geochemistry, geochronology, electromagnetics, gravity, magnetics, magneto-tellurics, radiometrics and seismic.
Projects
Information on energy research projects undertaken by Geoscience Australia.

Topic contact: energy@ga.gov.au Last updated: September 26, 2013